NCPA - National Center for Policy Analysis

Children and AIDS

September 21, 2001

The HIV pandemic has eroded many of the hard earned gains made in reducing infant and child mortality, say researchers.

  • The United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) recently reported that child mortality is expected to double by 2010 in regions with high rates of infection.
  • Globally, the number of orphans from AIDS will increase from the current 13.2 million to 44 million by 2010.2
  • Already, one child in 10 is an orphan in some countries.

Efforts to prevent transmission of the virus from mother to child are inadequate in many poor countries, say researchers. Last year, 600 000 children were newly infected with HIV, over 90 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. Almost all acquired the virus by vertical transmission, from mother to child.

Source: Haroon Saloojee and Avy Violari, "HIV infection in children," British Medical Journal, September 22, 2001.


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