How Much Aid do Conflict Countries Receive?
May 13, 2004
Financial aid to Afghanistan has been far lower than for any other nation recently during a period of rebuilding after a conflict, notes Jeff Madrick (Challenge Magazine) in the New York Times.
According to a report from the Center on International Cooperation at New York:
- Aid to Afghanistan for 2002 and well into 2003 was only $67 annually for each man, woman and child.
- Haiti received some $74 per capita, in the three years of post-conflict reconstruction.
- Rwanda received $114 a person in annual aid from 1994 to 1996.
- Palestine received $219 a year per person in the second half of the 1990s -- three times the amount for Afghanistan.
- During its recovery from war, Kosovo received more than 10 times what Afghanistan received -- $814 a year per capita over several years.
And those two countries are considered classic examples of neglect, said Barnett Rubin, who, with several colleagues, put together the center's study on Afghanistan.
"One consequence of the slow start [of rebuilding efforts] in Afghanistan is that opium production and drug trafficking have easily become the most important sources of income, says Madrick. "The United Nations estimates that a poppy farmer earns more than $2,500 a year, compared with $670 for other farmers. As a result, about a quarter of all Afghan farmland is devoted to poppy cultivation."
Source: Jeff Madrick, "An Afghan Aid Plan That Might Actually Work," Economic Scene, New York Times, May 13, 2004.
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