NCPA - National Center for Policy Analysis

Policy Implications of Autonomous Vehicles

September 24, 2014

Autonomous vehicles that can take over some or most driving functions will transform the 21st century in the same way that mass-produced automobiles trans­formed the 20th, according to Randal O'Toole in a report from the Cato Institute.  Auto travel will become safer. Congestion will decline if not disappear. People who can be productive rather than endure the stress of driving will look at travel in an entirely new way. Eventually, mobility will be available to everyone, not just those who have a driver's license.

Considering the technology available today and what ex­perts think will be available in the near future, Congress and other policymakers should consider the following steps:        

  • Congress should stop funding expensive and obso­lete rail transit projects, which will have no place in a future likely to be characterized by widespread sharing of self-driving cars.
  • Congress should end the mandate for states and metro­politan planning organizations to write long-range transportation plans, as planners cannot predict the effects of autonomous vehicles and are likely to instead impose obsolete systems and designs on their regions.

  • The National Highway Safety Traffic Commission should not mandate that vehicle-to-vehicle commu­nications be installed in all new cars, as such devices will rapidly become obsolete, while voluntary devices in the form of smart phones that can use vehicle-to-vehicle applications are already in use by more than half the adult population.

  • State and local governments should focus on maintain­ing existing infrastructure and making cost-effective improvements, such as dynamic traffic signal coor­dination, to alleviate today's safety and congestion problems. The best thing state and local transporta­tion agencies can do to prepare the way for autono­mous vehicles is to cooperate in the development and use of consistent road striping, sign, signal, and similar standards that can be read by autonomous vehicles.

By reducing congestion, autonomous cars may lead to a revival of inner cities, but by reducing the cost of travel, they may also lead to more rapid exurbanization. Cities and states should not try to restrict either trend

Source:  Randal O'Toole, "Policy Implications of Autonomous Vehicles," Cato Institute, September 18, 2014.

 

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