NCPA - National Center for Policy Analysis

Canada's Spending Cuts and Economic Growth

October 11, 2010

The United States has had huge federal deficit spending in recent years -- $459 billion in FY2008, $1.4 trillion in FY2009, $1.5 trillion in FY2010 and now an estimated $1.4 trillion in FY2011.  Despite all the spending, the economy is still sluggish, private investment remains in the tank and the unemployment rate is stuck near 10 percent, says Chris Edwards, director of tax policy at the Cato Institute.

The Bush/Obama Keynesian spending experiment has obviously failed.  Yet eminent economists think that the government hasn't spent enough.

If big government spending really did spur economic growth, then the Canadian economy would be flat on its back and dying.  But the Canadian economy boomed during the 1990s and 2000s as government spending was dramatically reduced, says Edwards.

  • In the early 1990s,overspending had pushed the size of the Canadiangovernmentto53 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and government debt was spiraling upward.
  • But the nation turned course and begancutting spending and making pro-marketreforms, such asprivatization andtax rate cuts.
  • Canadian government spending was chopped by more than 10 percent of GDP.

As spending was cut, the Canadian economy boomed.

  • Average annualgrowth matched U.S. growth from the mid-1990s until the recent recession.
  • Canada made a mistake in passing a spending stimulus last year, which pushed up spending temporarily, butgovernment spending is expected to fall againand the economy has already returned to solid growth.

U.S. policymakers would be advised to ignore the Keynesian theoreticians who seem intent on bankrupting the nation.  Instead they should take lessons from the success of the Canadian model of spending cuts, balanced budgets, debt reduction, open international trading and investment, sound banking, privatization and corporate tax rate cuts, says Edwards.

Source: Chris Edwards, "Canada's Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," Cato-at-Liberty.org, October 6, 2010.

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