PROMOTING TECHNOLOGY DIFFUSION TO THE DEVELOPING WORLD: A BLUEPRINT FOR ADVANCING, PROTECTING, AND SHARING INNOVATION
November 16, 2009
The developing world faces many daunting challenges including: rampant disease, lack of clean water, inadequate health care and food shortages. It is imperative that cutting-edge technologies that can aid others and advance development be made available around the world. It is also important that the real barriers to progress are identified and removed, that market-friendly inducements to facilitate technology development and transfer are established, and that the global IP system responsible for spurring innovation is not undermined by the short-sighted political agendas of a few, says the U.S Chamber's Global Intellectual Property Center.
In addition to eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers on technology imports that make their transfer more costly and less welcome, the Chamber recommends the following for improving technology diffusion:
- Establish a strong legal environment; legal environments that provide strong, predictable and enforceable Intellectual Property rights.
- Stimulate R&D and globally-based invention; technological breakthroughs are the product of massive amounts of R&D carried out by scientists and researchers collaborating across the globe.
- Adopt economic policies that induce innovation; fiscal measures such as tax incentives for R&D, promoting collaboration between research institutions and the private sector, supporting open markets and trade, and national policies that prioritize innovation.
- Improve local infrastructure; fund infrastructure projects to attract, support and effectively utilize advanced technologies, from improving roads, facilities, and power grids, to building local communities and improving health care.
Lastly, we need to invest in human capital, says the Chamber:
- Make the long term investments necessary to create a knowledge-based society, such as building a strong educational system that includes technical skills training.
- Incentivize students to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and math.
- Establish first-rate universities and research centers.
- Develop programs in the short-term to attract scientists and researchers from other countries in collaborative endeavors.
Source: White Paper Series, "Promoting Technology Diffusion to the Developing World: A blueprint for Advancing, Protecting, and sharing Innovation," U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Global Intellectual Property Center, November 2009.
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