Testimonies, Speeches and Comments

The NCPA has a highly effective office in Washington, D.C. that sponsors Capitol Hill briefings, conferences and testimony by NCPA experts before congressional committees. The NCPA serves as a source of "outside the Beltway" thinking for Capitol Hill deliberations.

  • May 18, 2017

    Using the NCPA Model to Score Tax Reform

    I am Pamela Villarreal, Senior Fellow at the National Center for Policy Analysis. The current tax system is drain on the national economy. Besides the billions of dollars spent a year on compliance, the marginal rates on both individuals and corporations disincentive productive activities — such as working, saving and investing. Although the right and the left may not agree on specific reforms, they generally agree that there are too many loopholes, but if the tax system were simpler, broad-based and less punitive there would be no need for loopholes.


  • May 18, 2017

    Helping Workers and Families to Save for Retirement

    I am Pamela Villarreal, a senior fellow at the National Center for Policy Analysis. For several years, I have explored and written about the importance of individuals and families saving for retirement as a supplement to Social Security benefits. Policymakers, retirement researchers and financial experts have conducted numerous studies only to find that most adults soon to be approaching retirement are not ready for retirement, and a majority will depend on Social Security for most of their income.


  • May 17, 2017

    Reforming Medicare to Better Manage Seniors’ Health Care

    Not long after Medicare was established in 1965, expenditures began to skyrocket. Whereas spending per Medicare beneficiary was $385 in 1970, spending per beneficiary increased to $12,210 annually by 2013.


  • May 10, 2017

    David Grantham Testimony: Texas Grid and U.S. National Security

    America’s electric power grid is arguably the most vulnerable part of our nation’s infrastructure. Divided among three geographical regions, the U.S. network remains dangerously exposed to a host of potentially devastating natural disasters and foreign attacks. The May 2016 GAO report “Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Risks” does well to highlight the potential threats from an EMP and covers the actions already taken based on the recommendations of the 2008 EMP Commission, such as establishing industry standards and federal guidelines. However, the report’s remaining proposals are noticeably broad, which present difficulties for implementation on a national scale. The Lone Star State finds itself in a unique position to act as the only state with its own, self-contained grid. More importantly, the United States depends on Texas for its national security and defense readiness.


  • Feb 16, 2017

    Modernizing Federal Wage and Hour Policy

    Chairman Byrne, Ranking Member Takano, and Subcommittee members, thank you for the opportunity to submit written comments about modernizing wage and hour policy. I am Pamela Villarreal, a senior fellow at the National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA). We are a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy research organization headquartered in Dallas, Texas.

    The workplace has changed dramatically since the 1930s, yet most federal wage and hour policies are based on rules that were established under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. While the FLSA has been amended over time, wage and hour policies have been slow to change with the diverse needs of the labor force. The participation rate of women has nearly doubled since 1950Union membership has been on the decline since the mid-1950s. U.S. manufacturing jobs have fallen by two-thirds since 1960, comprising about 8 percent of employment. Technological changes allow employees to work in non-office environments. Two-parent and single parent earner households have made it necessary for employers to be flexible in allowing workers to care for children or family members. Despite these changes in the workforce, federal wage and hour policies are mandated one-size-fits-all and do not allow employers to meet the various needs of their employees. Employee benefits law tends to be very rigid. In general, employees are not allowed to choose between taxable wages and nontaxed benefits.