Unemployment Insurance in a Free Society

Studies | Welfare

No. 274
Tuesday, March 29, 2005
by William B. Conerly, Ph.D.


Notes

  1. Patricia Anderson and Bruce D. Meyer, “The Effects of Unemployment Insurance Taxes and Benefits on Layoffs Using Firm and Individual Data,” National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 4960, January 1996; Patricia Anderson and Bruce D. Meyer, “The Effects of the Unemployment Insurance Payroll Tax on Wages, Employment, Claims and Denials,” National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 6808, November 1998; Frank Brechling and Louise Laurence, Permanent Job Loss and the U.S. System of Financing Unemployment Insurance (Kalamazoo, Mich.: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1995); David Card and Phillip B. Levine, “Unemployment Insurance Taxes and the Cyclical and Seasonal Properties of Unemployment,” Journal of Public Economics, vol. 53, no. 1, January 1994, pages 1-29; Donald R Deere, “Unemployment Insurance and Employment,” Journal of Labor Economics, vol. 9, no. 4, October 1991, pages 307-24; Robert H Topel, “On Layoffs and Unemployment Insurance,” American Economic Review, vol. 73, September 1983, pages 541-559.
  2. A. Colin Cameron, R. Mark Gritz and Thomas MaCurdy, “The Effects of Unemployment Compensation on the Unemployment of Youth,” NLS Discussion Paper, NLS 92-4, 1989; R. Mark Gritz and Thomas MaCurdy, “Measuring the Influence of Unemployment Insurance on Unemployment Experiences,” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, vol. 15, no. 2, April 1997; Pierre Yves Cremiéux, Pierre Fortin, Paul Storer and Marc Van Audenrode, “Unemployment Insurance and Job Search Productivity,” Human Resources Development Canada, August 1995; Arellano, Manuel, Olympia Bover and Samuel Bentolila, “Unemployment Duration, Benefit Duration and the Business Cycle,” Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper 1840, March 1998.
  3. Bruce D. Meyer, “Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells,” Econometrica, vol. 58, no. 4, July 1990, pages 757-82M
  4. On Canada, see Pierre Yves Cremiéux, Pierre Fortin, Paul Storer and Marc Van Audenrode, “Unemployment Insurance and Job Search Productivity,” Human Resources Development Canada, August 1995; and Christian Belzil, “Unemployment Insurance and Subsequent Job Duration: Job Matching vs. Unobserved Heterogeneity,” Journal of Applied Econometrics, Sept-Oct 2001, pages 619-636. On Europe, see Olivier Blanchardand Justin Wolfers, “The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence,” Economic Journal, vol. 110 (March 2000), pages C1-C33. On Spain, see Manuel Arellano, Olympia Bover and Samuel Bentolila, “Unemployment Duration, Benefit Duration and the Business Cycle,” Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper 1840, March 1998; and on Sweden, see Kenneth Carling, Bertil Holmlund and Altin Vejsiu, “Do Benefit Cuts Boost Job Finding? Swedish Evidence from the 1990s,” Economic Journal, October 2001.
  5. Oregon Employment Department, “Oregon’s Workforce Puzzle: More Than Supply and Demand,” August 2001.
  6. Eric M. Engen and Jonathan Gruber, “Unemployment Insurance and Precautionary Saving,” NBER Working Paper No. 5252 (September 1995); Jonathan Gruber, “The Consumption Smoothing Benefits of Unemployment Insurance,” American Economic Review, vol. 87, no. 1, March 1997, pages 192-205; Jonathan Gruber, “The Wealth of the Unemployed: Adequacy and Implications for Unemployment Insurance,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, forthcoming. Also NBER Working Paper No. 7348, September 1999; Jonathan Gruber and Julie Berry Cullen, “Does Unemployment Insurance Crowd Out Spousal Labor Supply?” Journal of Labor Economics, vol. 18, no. 3, July 2000, pages 546-572.
  7. Bruce D. Meyer, “Lessons from the U.S. Unemployment Insurance Experiments,” Journal of Economic Literature, vol. 33, no. 1, March 1995, pages 91-131.
  8. William B. Conerly, “European Unemployment: Lessons for the United Sates,” National Center for Policy Analysis, Brief Analysis No. 475, May 26, 2004.
  9. William B. Conerly, “Wasting Billions on Unemployment Insurance Overpayments,” National Center for Policy Analysis, Brief Analysis No. 458, September 30, 2003.
  10. William B. Conerly, “ Chile Leads the Way With Unemployment Accounts,” National Center for Policy Analysis, Brief Analysis No. 424, November 11, 2002.
  11. These would probably be nonrecourse loans, so a worker who retires with a deficit account would not be obligated to repay it.
  12. Communication from Patricio Eskenazi, University of Chicago graduate student, March 2, 2005.
  13. The structure of administrative funding, and the Bush administration’s proposals to devolve administrative funding to the states, are discussed in William B. Conerly, “Give the States Back Their Money,” Intellectual Ammunition, May/June 2002, Heartland Institute.
  14. William B. Conerly, “Is Workers Compensation a Model for Unemployment Insurance?” National Center for Policy Analysis, Brief Analysis No. 435, April 11, 2003.
  15. William B. Conerly, “Allowing the States to Innovate,” Regulation Magazine, Spring 2003, Cato Institute.
  16. Dan. A. Black, Jeffrey A. Smith, Mark C. Brueger and Brett J. Noel, “Is the Threat of Reemployment Services More Effective Than the Services Themselves? Evidence from Random Assignment in the UI System,” American Economic Review, September 2003, pages 1313-1327. See also an account of an earlier experiment in Terry R. Johnson and Daniel H. Klepinger, “Experimental Evidence on Unemployment Insurance Work Search Policies,” Journal of Human Resources, vol. 29, no. 3, Summer 1994, pages 695-717.
  17. Arizona Department of Economic Security, “Reemployment Services Performance Report,” December 23, 2002.
  18. The consortium has asked to remain anonymous. It has several large operations in a major metropolitan area. The manager of the program believes that the major impact comes because job seekers try to show progress at every weekly telephone call. However, he believes that further progress could be made if they contested claims being paid to those making little effort to find a new job.
  19. William B. Conerly and John W. Courtney, “Final Report on the JOBS Plus Program,” American Institute for Full Employment, March 1, 2001.

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