The Impact of Social Security Reform on Women in Three Countries
Tuesday, November 04, 2003
by Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards & Rebeca Wong
Table of Contents
- Executive Summary
- How Pension Systems and ReformsAffect Women and Men Differently
- Key Design Features of the Old and New Systems
- Women’s Gains from the New Systems
- Implications for Social Security Reform in the United States
- Appendix I: Methodology
- Appendix II: Relative Impact on Own-Annuities, Joint Annuities and Public Benefits
- About the Authors
About the Authors
Estelle James is principal author of Averting the Old Age Crisis: Policies to Protect the Old and Promote Growth (Washington, D.C.: World Bank and Oxford University Press, 1994) and is currently a consultant to the World Bank and other organizations. She was previously Lead Economist in the Research Department of the World Bank and Director of its Flagship Course on Social Security Reform. She also served as a member of the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security in the United States.
Alejandra Cox Edwards is professor of economics at California State University Long Beach. She has a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Chicago and an undergraduate degree from the Catholic University of Chile. From 1993 through 1996 she was a Senior Labor Economist at the World Bank, where she co-authored the World Development Report, 1995. Her most recent research deals with labor market reform, social security reform, gender issues, old age and poverty, and labor market performance in emerging and transition economies.
Rebeca Wong is a Mexican national who received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan in 1987, and is currently an Associate Research Scientist at the Maryland Population Research Center, and faculty associate of the Department of Sociology at the University of Maryland. She is currently co-Principal Investigator in the Mexican Health and Aging Study, financed by the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Wong's research agenda focuses on the economic consequences of population aging, in particular in Mexico and among immigrant Hispanics in the United States.