The State of the Children: An Examination of Government-Run Foster Care

Studies | Social

No. 210
Friday, August 01, 1997
by Conna Craig and Derek Herbert


Appendix

Notes to Table I

The most critical and complete data from the states is presented in Table I. Some of the additional information provided by the states is summarized in the following notes.

Alabama

Fiscal year ended: 30 September 1996. Data reported as of: 30 September 1996. The Alabama Department of Human Resources reported that of the 698 children who were legally free for adoption, an adoptive home search was active for approximately 200; the department did not report the reasons that a search was not active for the remaining free-to-be-adopted children. Contact: Ms. Carole Burton, Alabama Department of Human Resources, S. Gordon Persons Building, 50 Ripley Street, Montgomery, AL 36150; phone: (334) 242-1374; fax: (334) 242-0939.

Alaska

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Alaska Department of Health and Social Services reported that about 9 percent of the state's free-to-be-adopted children for whom an adoptive search was not active were assigned to "long-term foster care." Contact: Ms. Suzanne Maxson, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Family and Youth Services, P.O. Box 110630, Juneau, AK 99811-0630; phone: (907) 465-3631; fax: (907) 465-3397.

Arizona

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Arizona Department of Economic Security left blank the IFC survey question on the number of children who were legally free for adoption. However, the Department reported that, as of 30 June 1996, 612 children had had their parental rights terminated and that an adoptive home search was active for 137 foster children. Contact: Ms. Carole Linker, Arizona Department of Economic Security, 1717 W. Jefferson, P.O. Box 6123, Phoenix, AZ 85005; phone: (602) 542-3981; fax: (602) 542-3330.

Arkansas

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Arkansas Department of Human Services/Division of Children and Family Services reported that there were 212 foster children legally free for adoption and that an adoptive home search was active for 209 of these children. Contact: Mr. Alden Roller, Department of Human Services/Division of Children and Family Services, P.O. Box 1437, Little Rock, AR 72203; phone: (501) 682-8462; fax: (501) 682-8991.

California

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The California Department of Social Services reported that relating to the figure for children in foster care, "only the children in the custody of county welfare departments are included. Children in the custody of other agencies, principally delinquents and status offenders in the custody of county probation officers, are not included." Of the 3,845 reported adoptions, "3,254 were of children who had been in the custody of public adoption agencies and 591 were of children who had been in the custody of private adoption agencies. Probably about 70 completed public adoption agency cases were unreported. This total does not include Independent Adoptions or Intercountry Adoptions." Also, the actual number of finalized adoptions was "slightly higher due to incomplete reports." Contact: Mr. Joseph Magruder, California Department of Social Services, 744 P Street, M.S. 1967, Sacramento, CA 95814; phone: (916) 323-0524; fax: (916) 445-9125.

Colorado

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Colorado Department of Human Services reported as "NA" the number of children for whom an adoptive home search was active, as well as the number of children for whom the state was not seeking adoptive homes. Contact: Ms. Donna Pope, Colorado Department of Human Services, 1575 Sherman Street, 2nd floor, Denver, CO 80203; phone: (303) 866-5976; fax: (303) 866-4191.

Connecticut

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The Connecticut Department of Children and Families responded "Not Available" to the IFC survey question on the number of foster children legally free for adoption. The Department reported in April 1997: "We do not have any other info available. Our new computer system reporting capability has yet to produce this info." Contact: Ms. Jean Watson, Department of Children and Families, 505 Hudson Street, Hartford, CT 06106; phone: (860) 550-6463; fax: (860) 566-3453.

Delaware

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Delaware Department of Children and Their Families reported that of the 74 children legally free for adoption, 31 were in pre-adoptive homes at the close of fiscal 1996. Contact: Ms. Mary Anne Kenville, Delaware Department of Children and Their Families, 1825 Falkland Road, Wilmington, DE 19805; phone: (302) 633-2655; fax: (302) 633-2652.

District of Columbia

Fiscal year ended: 31 December 1995. Data reported as of: 31 December 1995. During the study, the District of Columbia Department of Social Services was in receivership. The Institute for Children received only one response to its many inquiries, which provided three figures for fiscal 1995: 2,558 children in substitute care, 721 children in foster family care, 97 adoptions finalized in fiscal 1995. Contact: Mr. Jesse Winston, District of Columbia Department of Social Services, 609 H Street N.E., Washington, DC 20002; phone: (202) 724-2023; fax: (202) 727-9460.

Florida

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Florida Department of Children and Families reported that less than half of the children who had a goal or permanency plan for adoption were legally free to be adopted. Contact: Ms. Gloria Walker, Florida Department of Children and Families, Family Safety and Preservation, Permanency Planning Unit, 2811-E Industrial Plaza Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32301; phone: (904) 487-2383; fax: (904) 488-0751.

Georgia

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Georgia Department of Human Resources reported that of the 1,224 children who were legally free for adoption, the state was "still looking for home[s]" for 203 children. Contact: Ms. Liz Bryant, Georgia Department of Human Resources, 2 Peachtree Street, N.W. Suite 13-400, Atlanta, GA 30303; phone: (404) 657-3552; fax: (404) 657-3624.

Hawaii

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The Hawaii Department of Human Services reported that of the 565 children legally free for adoption, 289 were in pre-adoptive homes. However, for 163 free-to-be-adopted children, the state was not seeking adoptive homes because those children had been assigned to long-term foster care. Contact: Ms. Lynn Mirikidani, Hawaii Department of Human Services, 810 Richards Street, Suite 400, Honolulu, HI 96813; phone: (808) 586-5698; fax: (808) 586-5700.

Idaho

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. Don Corbridge, Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Family and Community Services, P.O. Box 83720, Third Floor, Boise, ID 83720; phone: (208) 334-5700; fax: (208) 334-6699.

Illinois

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 28 February 1997. Illinois Child and Family Services reported that the figures for children in substitute care and children legally free for adoption were as of 28 February 1997; the reporting period for the number of foster children adopted was fiscal 1996. Contact: Mr. John Hamm, Illinois Child and Family Services, 406 East Monroe Street, Springfield, IL, 62701; phone: (217) 785-1700; fax: (217) 524-0014.

Indiana

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Indiana Division of Family and Children left blank the IFC survey question on the number of free-to-be-adopted children for whom an adoptive home search was active. Contact: Ms. Kaye Clark, Division of Family and Children, Indiana Department of Family and Social Service, Indianapolis, IN 46204; phone: (317) 233-1743; fax: (317) 232-4436.

Iowa

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. Jeff Terrell, Iowa Department of Human Services, Hoover Building, Des Moines, IA 50319; phone: (515) 281-4625; fax: (515) 281-4597.

Kansas

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Janet Kuntzsch, Kansas Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services, West Hall, 300 SW Oakley, Topeka, KS 66606; phone: (913) 296-8138; fax: (913) 296-4649.

Kentucky

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Brooke Thomas, Kentucky Cabinet for Human Resources, 275 East Main, 6 West, Frankfort, KY 40601; phone: (502) 564-2147; fax: (502) 564-9554.

Louisiana

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The Louisiana Department of Social Services reported that the figures for children in substitute care and children legally free for adoption were as of 31 December 1996; the reporting period for the number of foster children adopted was fiscal 1996. Contact: Ms. Sandra C. Schucker, Louisiana Department of Social Services, 333 Laurel Street, P.O. Box 33318, Baton Rouge, LA 70821; phone: (504) 342-4043; fax: (504) 342-9087.

Maine

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Maine Department of Human Services reported the figure for finalized foster child adoptions in fiscal 1996 as "tentative." Contact: Ms. Dana E. Hall, Maine Department of Human Services, Bureau of Child and Family Services, State House Station 11, Augusta, ME 04333; phone: (207) 287-5060; fax: (207) 287-5282.

Maryland

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Stephanie Pettaway, Maryland Department of Human Resources, 311 W. Saratoga Street, Baltimore, MD 21201; phone: (410) 767-7506; fax: (410) 333-0127.

Massachusetts

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Massachusetts Department of Social Services reported that of the 656 free-to-be-adopted children for whom an adoptive search was active, "649 children had been matched to an adoptive family." Contact: Ms. Phyllis Ward, Department of Social Services Library, 24 Farnsworth, Boston, MA 02210; phone: (617) 727-0900; fax: (617) 261-7438.

Michigan

Fiscal year ended: 30 September 1996. Data reported as of: 30 September 1996. The State of Michigan Family Independence Agency reported that the reason the state was not seeking adoptive homes for 237 free-to-be-adopted foster children was "long-term foster care." Contact: Ms. Julie Tubbs-Lott, State of Michigan Family Independence Agency, 232 Grand Avenue, P.O. Box 30037, Grand Tower, Lansing, MI 48909; phone: (517) 373-8376; fax: (517) 241-7047.

Minnesota

Fiscal year ended: 31 December 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The Minnesota Department of Human Services noted that "1996 data is preliminary data based on unedited county reports." Of the 478 children for whom an adoptive home search is active, 186 "had relatives or foster families under consideration." Contact: Ms. Ruth Weidell (adoption) and Ms. Sandy Reuben (foster care), Minnesota Department of Human Services, 444 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, MN 55155-3831; phone: (612) 296-3250; fax: (612) 297-1949.

Mississippi

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Wanda Gillom, Mississippi Department of Human Services, 750 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39202; phone: (601) 359-4980; fax: (601) 359-4978.

Missouri

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. Arlend Oney, Missouri Division of Family Services, Howerton Building, P.O. Box 88, Jefferson City, MO 65109; phone: (573) 751-2502; fax: (573) 526-3971.

Montana

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services reported that the number of children in substitute care was as of 31 July 1996. The Department did not provide figures for the number of children legally free for adoption, the number of children for whom an adoptive home search was active or the number of children for whom the state was not seeking adoptive homes. Contact: Ms. Betsy Stimatz, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Division of Child and Family Services, P.O. Box 8005, Cogswell Building, Helena, MT 59604-8005; phone: (406) 444-5900; fax (406) 444-5956.

Nebraska

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Donald S. Leuenberger, Department of Social Services, P.O. Box 95026, Lincoln, NE 68509; phone: (402) 471-9125; fax: (402) 471-9455.

Nevada

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Wanda Scott, Department of Human Resources, 6171 W. Charleston Boulevard, Building Number 15, Las Vegas, NV 89158; phone: (702) 486-7633; fax: (702) 486-7626.

New Hampshire

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Catherine Atkins, Division for Children, Youth and Families, 6 Hazen Drive, Concord, NH 03301; phone: (603) 271-4707; fax: (603) 271-4729.

New Jersey

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Marylou Sweeny, New Jersey Division of Youth and Family Services, CN 700, Trenton, NJ 08625; phone: (609) 633-3991; fax: (609) 984-5449.

New Mexico

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department reported that figures for the number of children in substitute care and the number of children legally free for adoption were as of December 1996. Contact: Ms. Maryellen Strawniak, New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department, Protective Services Division, 1120 Paseo de Peralta, Santa Fe, NM 87504; phone: (505) 827-3991; fax: (505) 827-8480.

New York

Fiscal year ended: 31 March 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The New York State Department of Social Services left blank the IFC survey question on the number of adoptions finalized in fiscal 1996. (During calendar year 1994, 3,621 adoptions were finalized.) Contact: Mr. Paul Gavry, New York State Department of Social Services, 40 North Pearl Street, Albany, NY 12243; phone: (518) 432-2926; fax: (518) 432-2930.

North Carolina

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The reported number of adoptions finalized in fiscal 1996 may be overrepresentative. The North Carolina Department of Human Resources wrote, on 17 July 1996: "Adoption proceedings are indexed through the Final Orders, but this process does not necessarily happen for adoption cases finalized in that particular year. These adoptions may have taken place in previous years, and we had just indexed them. Therefore, this number does not reflect the number of children whose adoptions were finalized in a year, but rather the number of finalized adoptions over a course of years that have now been indexed in the state." Contact: Ms. Esther T. High, North Carolina Department of Human Resources, Division of Social Services, 325 North Salisbury Street, Raleigh, NC 27603; phone: (919) 733-3801; fax: (919) 715-3581.

North Dakota

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The North Dakota Department of Human Services reported that of the 325 adoptions finalized in fiscal 1996, 25 were categorized special needs. The figure for children who were legally free for adoption was as of 30 September 1996. Contact: Ms. Jean Doll, Administrator, North Dakota Department of Human Services, Children and Family Services Division, State Capitol Building, 600 East Boulevard, Bismarck, ND 58505; phone: (701) 328-3541; fax: (701) 328-2359.

Ohio

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. Dave Hubbell, Ohio Department of Human Services, 65 East State Street, 5th Floor, Columbus, OH 43215; phone: (614) 466-7884; fax: (614) 466-6185.

Oklahoma

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Midge Woodard, Oklahoma Department of Human Services, P.O. Box 25352, Oklahoma City, OK 73125; phone: (405) 739-8000; fax: (405) 739-8132.

Oregon

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996 (TPR). The Oregon State Office for Services to Children and Families reported that the figure for the number of children in substitute care was as of "calendar year 1996;" and the number of children who were legally free for adoption was as of January 1997. Contact: Ms. Kay Toran, State Office for Services to Children and Families, 500 Summer Street NE, Salem, OR 97310- 1017; phone: (503) 945-5651; fax (503) 581-6198.

Pennsylvania

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. Contact: Ms. Sandy Gallagher, Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, Office of Children, Youth, and Their Families, P.O. Box 2675, Harrisburg, PA 17105-2675; phone: (717) 772-7044; fax: (717) 783-6354.

Rhode Island

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. C. Friedman, Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth, and Their Families, 610 Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Building #8, Providence, RI 02908; phone: (401) 277-2583; fax: (401) 457-4541.

South Carolina

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Carolyn Orf, South Carolina Department of Social Services, P.O. Box 1520, Columbia, SC 29202; phone: (803) 734-5670; fax: (803) 734-6285.

South Dakota

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Diane Kleinsasser, South Dakota Department of Social Services, 700 Governors Drive, Pierre, SD 57501-2291; phone: (605) 773-3227; fax: (605) 773-6834.

Tennessee

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Ms. Gail Crawford, Tennessee Department of Children's Services, 436 6th Avenue N., 7th Floor, Cordell Hull Building, Nashville, TN 37243-1290; phone: (615) 532-5597; fax: (615) 532-6495.

Texas

Fiscal year ended: 31 August 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services noted regarding the IFC survey question that asks for the number of children who were legally free for adoption, that its figure, 1,430, refers to children whose parental rights had been terminated and for whom the goal was adoption, but who had not been placed in an adoptive home. Contact: Ms. Cheryl Fell, Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services, P.O. Box 149030, Mail Code E558, Austin, TX 78714-9030; phone: (512) 438-3127; fax: (512) 438-3782.

Utah

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Utah Department of Human Services reported that an adoptive home search was active for all 108 foster children who were legally free for adoption at the end of fiscal 1996. Contact: Ms. Marilyn Mills, Utah Department of Human Services, Division of Child and Family Services, 120 North 200 West, Suite 225, Salt Lake City, UT 84103; phone: (801) 538-4078; fax: (801) 538-4553.

Vermont

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Vermont Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services left blank the IFC survey question regarding the total number of free-to-be-adopted children for whom the state was not seeking adoptive homes. Contact: Mr. Phil Zunder, Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services, Osgood Building, 103 South Main Street, Waterbury, VT 05671; phone: (802) 241-2112; fax: (802) 241-2980.

Virginia

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. Contact: Mr. Terry Yearout, Department of Social Services, Theater Row Building, 730 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23219; phone: (804) 692-1294; fax: (804) 692-1284.

Washington

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Washington Department of Social Services left blank the IFC survey question regarding the number of free-to-be-adopted children for whom the state was not seeking adoptive homes. Contact: Ms. Cindy Ellingson, Washington Division of Children and Family Services, 14th and Jefferson Streets, P.O. Box 45710, Olympia, WA 98504; phone: (360) 902-7929; fax: (360) 902-7903.

West Virginia

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 1 January 1997. The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources reported that the figures for children in substitute care and for children who were legally free for adoption were as of 1 January 1997. Contact: Mr. Tom Strauderman, West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, Office of Social Services, Bureau for Children and Families, State Capitol Complex, Building 6, Room 850, Charleston, WV 25305; phone: (304) 558-7980; fax: (304) 558-8800.

Wisconsin

Fiscal year ended: 31 December 1996. Data reported as of: 31 December 1996. The Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services did not provide the number of finalized adoptions in fiscal 1996. The Department noted that for 188 children in pre-adoptive homes at the end of fiscal 1996, "This figure is underreported as caseworkers often do not change the type of placement on the database at the time a child is placed in a pre-adoptive home." Contact: Mr. Mark S. Mitchell, Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, P.O. Box 8916, Madison, WI 53708; phone: (608) 266-2860; fax: (608) 264-6750.

Wyoming

Fiscal year ended: 30 June 1996. Data reported as of: 30 June 1996. The Wyoming Department of Family Services noted that the figure for children legally free for adoption was "estimated." Contact: Mr. Bill Rankin, Department of Family Services, Hathaway Building, 3rd Floor, 2300 Capitol Avenue, Cheyenne, WY 82002; phone: (307) 777-3570; fax: (307) 777-3693.


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