An Environmental Report Card on the 104th Congress

Policy Backgrounders | Energy and Natural Resources

No. 141
Tuesday, January 14, 1997
by H. Sterling Burnett


  1. James Bovard, The Farm Fiasco (San Francisco: ICS Press, 1989).
  2. Jonathan Tolman, "Federal Agricultural Policy, A Harvest of Environmental Abuse," Competitive Enterprise Institute, 1995.
  3. For discussions of both the science and politics surrounding the Delaney Clause, see, for instance, Elizabeth M. Whelan, "Ensuring a Bountiful Harvest and a Plentiful Food Supply " in Bonner R. Cohen, Steven J. Milloy and Steven J. Zrake, eds., American Values, An Environmental Vision (Washington: Environmental Policy Analysis Network, 1996); or Edith Efron, The Apocalyptics (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984).
  4. See, for example, John D. Graham, "Comparing Opportunities to Reduce Health Risks: Toxin Control, Medicine and Injury Prevention," National Center for Policy Analysis, NCPA Policy Report No. 192, June 1995; and Tammy O. Tengs, "Dying Too Soon: How Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Can Save Lives," National Center for Policy Analysis, forthcoming study.
  5. National Research Council, Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens in the Human Diet (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996).
  6. The Safe Drinking Water Act revisions, discussed below, contain similar provisions.
  7. Theo Colborn, Dianne Dumanoski and John Peterson Myers, Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence and Survival? (New York: Dutton Publishing, 1996).
  8. See, for example, Anne N. Hirshfield, Michael F. Hirshfield and Jodia A. Flaws, "Problems Beyond Pesticides," Science , June 7, 1996, pp. 1444-45; or statement by the Advancement of Sound Science Coalition in their May 1996 newsletter, pp. 4-6.
  9. Enacted as part of the bill that increased the debt limit.
  10. The Facts about Small Business (Washington: Small Business Administration, 1996).
  11. Also included in the debt limit package.
  12. See Jonathan Tolman, "Gaining More Ground," Competitive Enterprise Institute, 1994. Tolman points out that tens of thousands more acres are now restored than are converted to other uses each year.
  13. See the 1960 U.S. Supreme Court decision Armstrong v. U.S. See also James Huffman, "Avoiding the Takings Clause through the Myth of Public Rights: The Public Trust Doctrine and Reserved Rights Doctrine at Work," Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law, Fall 1987.
  14. Thomas Lambert and Robert J. Smith, "The Endangered Species Act: Time for a Change," Center for the Study of American Business, Policy Study No. 119, March 1994.
  15. Several instances are cited in Lambert and Smith, "The Endangered Species Act: Time for a Change," pp. 34-38. In addition, several advocates of a strong ESA, including former officials of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and the USFWS, have noted the threat to endangered species posed by the incentives inherent in the act. On this point see Jonathan Adler, "Property Rights, Regulatory Takings and Environmental Protection," Competitive Enterprise Institute, 1996, pp. 19-22.
  16. See James M. Strock, "Wizards of Ooze," Policy Review, Winter 1994, pp. 42-45; Wayne T. Brough, "Superfund Unplugged," Citizens for a Sound Economy, August 11, 1996; and Michael G. Oxley, "Superfund Getting It Right," Common Sense, Spring 1995.
  17. Each of these problems is detailed in H. Sterling Burnett, "Superfund: History of Failure," National Center for Policy Analysis, NCPA Brief Analysis No. 198, March 1996. See also Richard L. Stroup, "Superfund: The Shortcut That Failed," Political Economy Research Center, 1996.
  18. W. Kip Viscusi and James Hamilton, "Superfund and Real Risks," American Enterprise, March/April 1994.
  19. As quoted in Kent Jeffreys, "Reinventing Superfund," Competitive Enterprise Institute, 1994, p. 17.
  20. Michael Harold, "Brownfields: Superfund's Economic Toxic Shock," Citizens for a Sound Economy, December 18, 1995; and Sean Cavanagh, "Brownfields Dilemma," State Legislatures, September 1995, pp. 30-33.
  21. Lambert and Smith, "The Endangered Species Act: Time for a Change"; and Ike C. Sugg, "Endangered Species Act (ESA)" in Environmental Briefing Book (Washington: Competitive Enterprise Institute, 1996).
  22. Richard L. Stroup, "The Endangered Species Act: Making Innocent Species the Enemy," Political Economy Research Center, 1995.
  23. Thomas D. Hopkins, "A Guide to the Regulatory Landscape," Jobs & Capital, Fall 1995, pp. 28-31; Thomas D. Hopkins, "Regulatory Costs in Profile," Center for the Study of American Business, Policy Study No. 132, August 1996; and Richard K. Vedder, "Federal Regulation's Impact on the Productivity Slowdown: A Trillion-Dollar Drag," Center for the Study of American Business, Policy Study No. 131, July 1996.

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