Auto Fuel Economy Standards: Good for the Environment or a Cause of Highway Dealths?

Policy Backgrounders | Environment

No. 111
Wednesday, October 02, 1991
by Fred L. Smith

The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program was part of legislation enacted in 1975 to reduce American dependence on foreign oil.  Studies show that the CAFE is already responsible for 2,200 to 3,900 additional traffic dealths per model year fleet because it has forced a decrease in vehicle weight, putting smaller, less safe cars on the road.  Raising the CAFE standards would more than double the number of CAFE-caused fatalities.

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