Studies

NCPA studies generally break new ground on policy issues. A study seeks to cast new light on an issue and to stimulate policy-makers and others to think of new, innovative solutions to the problems associated with the issue. Studies may combine several elements of analysis, including original research, reviews of academic literature, creative approaches for solving public policy problems, and economic modeling.

Facts Not Fear on Air Pollution

Air pollution has been declining for decades across the United States, yet most Americans still believe air pollution is a growing problem and a serious threat to their health.

Taxes and Economic Growth

Some activities of government clearly contribute to economic growth. Beyond some minimum level, however, government becomes a net drain on the economy. Empirical evidence shows that as the tax burden…

Shopping for Drugs: 2007

Patients are increasingly being given the opportunity and responsibility to manage their own health care dollars. 

How Generous Are Social Security and Medicare?

Without changes, Social Security and Medicare will grow relative to the earnings and compensation of the workers who fund the programs. Further, the rate at which these entitlement benefits replace pr…

Protecting Property Rights, Preserving Federalism and Saving Wetlands

The U.S. Supreme Court missed a recent opportunity to give landowners, federal regulators and the states clear guidance about which wetlands are under federal control and what actions can be taken to…

Opportunities for State Medicaid Reform

Medicaid, the joint federal-state health care program for the poor and near poor, is the largest single expenditure by state governments today. At the rate the program is growing, it is on a course to…

Wealth, Inheritance and the Estate Tax

It is commonly assumed that inheritances are a major source of wealth inequality and that the offspring of wealthy families tend to be as rich as their parents due to bequests.  This perception is one…

Workers' Compensation: Rx for Policy Reform

Workers' compensation is the oldest government-mandated employee benefit program in the United States.  Costs are increasing because state systems provide incentives for employers, employees and other…