Studies

NCPA studies generally break new ground on policy issues. A study seeks to cast new light on an issue and to stimulate policy-makers and others to think of new, innovative solutions to the problems associated with the issue. Studies may combine several elements of analysis, including original research, reviews of academic literature, creative approaches for solving public policy problems, and economic modeling.

Crime and Punishment in America

Serious crime in the United States exploded during the 1960s and 1970s. It began to level off during the 1980s and has actually declined in the 1990s; however, the rate of serious crime remains three…

Comparing Opportunities To Reduce Health Risks: Toxin Control, Medicine and Injury Prevention

Billions of dollars are being spent to eliminate trivial risks to health and safety based largely on speculative fears that man-made sources of chemicals and radiation are important causes of human ca…

Should We Worry About Ozone?

A theory held by some scientists is that the depletion of stratospheric ozone is substantial and will grow to alarming levels unless the use of CFCs and some related chemical compounds is eliminated.…

Why the Minimum Wage Law Causes Unemployment

The minimum wage increase proposed by President Clinton would do little to reduce poverty. Instead, it would cause real hardship for some low-income Americans, the very people it is designed to help.

Law, Liberty and Economic Growth

Previous scholarly studies have demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between political and civil liberty and economic growth. This study surveys legal systems in 167 countries and com…

What Is the Optimal Size of Government in the United States?

Beyond some minimum level, government becomes a net drain on the private sector. When resources are allocated privately, the goal is the highest economic rate of return. When they are allocated by pol…

Why Not Abolish the Welfare State?

Everyone from Ronald Reagan to Bill Clinton seems to agree. Our welfare system is a disaster. It's in desperate need of reform.

Forecasting the Effects of the Mitchell Health Bill

The health refonn plan proposed by Senator George Mitchell CD-ME) attempts to increase the number of people with health insurance by offering generous subsidies to induce voluntary compliance. Employe…