Policy Reports

NCPA studies generally break new ground on policy issues. A study seeks to cast new light on an issue and to stimulate policy-makers and others to think of new, innovative solutions to the problems associated with the issue. Studies may combine several elements of analysis, including original research, reviews of academic literature, creative approaches for solving public policy problems, and economic modeling.

Murder by the State

At least 170 million people - and perhaps as many as 360 million - have been murdered by their own governments in this century. This is more than four times the 42 million deaths from civil and intern…

Crime and Punishment in America: 1997 Update

After soaring to alarming heights beginning in the 1960s, serious crime in the United States began leveling off in the 1980s and has declined for the past three years. Every category of violent crime…

The State of the Children: An Examination of Government-Run Foster Care

This study is the result of a two-year undertaking by the Institute for Children to gather accurate data on three of the most pressing questions in child welfare: (1) How many children are in foster c…

New Environmentalism

This paper presents a commonsense approach to public policy toward the environment. Instead of focusing on what decisions should be made, it focuses on how they should be made and by whom. Specificall…

Making Drugs Safe and Available without the FDA

There is widespread agreement that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs reforming. The drug approval process in the United States is too slow, too expensive and too restrictive.…

The Economic Effects of the Dole Tax Plan

This study examines the economic effects of the Dole plan using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, an economic model that has been published in several peer-reviewed journals.

Factories Behind Bars

Despite a consensus of the American public that prison inmates should be gainfully employed, most are idle. Their idleness contrasts sharply with the circumstances of their 19th-century counterparts.…

The Economic Effects of A Flat Tax

Using an economic model published in several peer-reviewed journals - a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model - this study examines the effects of a 17 percent flat tax on the various sectors of…