Policy Reports

NCPA studies generally break new ground on policy issues. A study seeks to cast new light on an issue and to stimulate policy-makers and others to think of new, innovative solutions to the problems associated with the issue. Studies may combine several elements of analysis, including original research, reviews of academic literature, creative approaches for solving public policy problems, and economic modeling.

Social Security and Race

In general, older generations are receiving reasonable rates of return from Social Security, especially among couples with dependent spouses.  But almost all future retirees will, on the average, have…

Wealth, Mobility, Inheritance And The Estate Tax

The federal estate tax has been instituted and repealed several times. Usually it has been seen as a source of revenue, rather than a means of redistributing wealth. But the current tax is clearly des…

Medical Savings Accounts in South Africa

In South Africa, MSA plans have competed against other forms of insurance on a level playing field. The result has been remarkable. In a few short years, MSA plans have become increasingly popular, an…

Privatizing Probation and Parole

The probation and parole systems could be made more effective and efficient by enlisting the private sector. Those released on probation (nonincarceration) or released early from prison could be requi…

Public Spending And Social Progress

Over the past century, government spending grew to an average of 45 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) among developed countries. Today, total government spending in the United States and other d…

Defined Contributions as an Option in Medicare

We have analyzed a distinct new health care delivery and financing system for the Medicare aged population (excluding institutional and Medicaid individuals). The new alternative, referred to as the M…

Ten Myths about the Market for Prescription Drugs

Critics complain that prescription drugs have contributed to a massive increase in health care spending in the United States. Some critics contend that drug prices are too high and propose lowering th…

Crime and Punishment in America: 1999

Serious crime in the United States continued to fall in 1998. Whether measured as a rate (number of crimes per capita) or in absolute terms, every category of violent crime and burglary decreased from…