Policy Backgrounders

Policy Backgrounders are designed as briefing papers on public policy issues for people with limited time and a need to know about public policy issues.

Do We Need a Tax Cut?

As the economy languishes and the presidential election nears, politicians of both parties are searching for ways to stimulate the economy and promote economic growth.

Auto Fuel Economy Standards: Good for the Environment or a Cause of Highway Dealths?

The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program was part of legislation enacted in 1975 to reduce American dependence on foreign oil.  Studies show that the CAFE is already responsible for 2,200 to…

Why Does Crime Pay?

America is burdened by an appalling amount of crime.  Although the crime rate is not soaring as it did during the 1960s and 1970s, we still have more crimes per capita than any other developed country…

If the Budget Summit Was a Success, Why is the Five-Year Deficit Heading Toward $1 Trillion?

The recently released 1992 federal budget documents the failure of the federal government to live within its means.

Will The New Budget Package Create A Recession?

The United States has experienced the longest peacetime economic expansion in its history, due to tax reductions enacted during the 1980s.

Rethinking the Clean Air Act Amendments

The Clean Air Act was passed in 1970 and has been amended on several occasions.  Recent amendments proposed by President Bush have been so altered in the Senate and the House of Representatives that t…

State Governments Turn to New Taxes

This year 25 states -- leb by California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York -- have approved roughly $10 billion in new taxes, making 1990 the second-largest state tax increase year on record. …

Do We Need New Taxes?

In budget summit negotiations, the President and Congress originally had agreed in principle to reduce the federal deficit by $50 billion next year and $500 billion over the next five years.  About ha…